Tag Archives: University of California Los Angeles

Scientists measure communication between stem cell-derived motor neurons, muscle cells

In an effort to identify the underlying causes of neurological disorders that impair motor functions such as walking and breathing, UCLA researchers have developed a novel system to measure communication between stem cell–derived motor neurons and muscle cells in a Petri dish.

The study provides an important proof of principle that functional motor circuits can be created outside the body using these neurons and cells and that the level of communication, or synaptic activity, between them can be accurately measured by stimulating the motor neurons with an electrode and then tracking the transfer of electrical activity into the muscle cells
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Metabolic State of Brain Cancer Stem Cells Significantly Different than the Cancer Cells They Create

The metabolic state of glioma stem cells, which give rise to deadly glioblastomas, is significantly different from that of the brain cancer cells to which they give birth, a factor which helps those stem cells avoid treatment and cause recurrence later.

Researchers with the UCLA Department of Radiation Oncology at UCLA’s Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center also found for the first time that these glioma stem cells can change their metabolic state at will, from glycolysis, which uses glucose, to oxidative phosphorylation, which uses oxygen.

The glioma stem cells’ ability to change their metabolic state at will also allow these stem cells
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UCLA-engineered stem cells seek out and kill HIV in living organisms

Expanding on previous research providing proof-of-principle that human stem cells can be genetically engineered into HIV-fighting cells, a team of UCLA researchers has now demonstrated that these cells can actually attack HIV-infected cells in a living organism.

The study, published April 12 in the journal PLoS Pathogens, demonstrates for the first time that engineering stem cells to form immune cells that target HIV is effective in suppressing the virus in living tissues in an animal model, said lead investigator Scott G. Kitchen, an assistant professor of medicine in the division of hematology and oncology at the David Geffen School of
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ScienceLive Chat about The Future of Stem Cell Research

Thursday August 4, 2011
3:01

Jocelyn Kaiser:
Hi everyone. This is Jocelyn Kaiser, a news writer for Science magazine. In today’s chat, we’re talking about last week’s court decision finding that federal funding for human embryonic stem cell research is legal. We’ll discuss what’s next for Sherley v. Sebelius and what it’s like to work in an area of research where policies are always changing. Guest Hank Greely, a law professor at Stanford, is here now and we’re hoping to be joined later by Amander Clark, a stem cell researcher at UCLA. Let’s start with a question for Hank.

Hank, why was this
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Stem Cells from Patients Make ‘Early Retina in a Dish’

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Madison, Wisconsin – Soon, some treatments for blinding eye diseases might be developed and tested using retina-like tissues produced from the patient’s own skin, thanks to a series of discoveries reported by a team of University of Wisconsin-Madison stem cell researchers.

The team, led by stem cell scientist and ophthalmologist Dr. David Gamm of the UW School of Medicine and Public Health and former UW scientist Dr. Jason Meyer, used human embryonic stem (ES) cells and induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells to generate three-dimensional structures that are similar to those present at the earliest stages of retinal
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