UCLA stem cell researchers from the Eli and Edythe Broad Center for Regenerative Medicine and Stem Cell Research led by Dr. Amander Clark have developed the first biological resource that maps critical stages of human egg and sperm cell development during fetal life.
The resulting map has important implications for future research of infertility, such as for cancer survivors left unable to create eggs or sperm due to chemotherapy or radiation treatment. Another important result of this research is a better understanding of the cellular origins of testicular cancer, which is believed to begin in males during fetal life.
Scientists at the University of California have found a potential new use for human embryonic stem cells: helping cancer patients recover the cognitive function lost when their brains are treated with radiation.
People with tumors in their head or neck often undergo radiation therapy after the cancer is surgically removed. Radiation helps kill malignant cells left behind. But it also can debilitate the hippocampus, the brain region responsible for learning, memory and processing of spatial information.
The researchers wondered whether embryonic stem cells could pick up the slack.
So they radiated the heads of 18 rats. Two days later, six of those