Scientists at the University of California have found a potential new use for human embryonic stem cells: helping cancer patients recover the cognitive function lost when their brains are treated with radiation.
People with tumors in their head or neck often undergo radiation therapy after the cancer is surgically removed. Radiation helps kill malignant cells left behind. But it also can debilitate the hippocampus, the brain region responsible for learning, memory and processing of spatial information.
The researchers wondered whether embryonic stem cells could pick up the slack.
So they radiated the heads of 18 rats. Two days later, six of those
The metabolic state of glioma stem cells, which give rise to deadly glioblastomas, is significantly different from that of the brain cancer cells to which they give birth, a factor which helps those stem cells avoid treatment and cause recurrence later.
Researchers with the UCLA Department of Radiation Oncology at UCLA’s Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center also found for the first time that these glioma stem cells can change their metabolic state at will, from glycolysis, which uses glucose, to oxidative phosphorylation, which uses oxygen.
The glioma stem cells’ ability to change their metabolic state at will also allow these stem cells
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British team pioneers reconstruction technique using enriched tissue
A remarkable reconstruction technique is being trialled by British surgeons, who are harvesting stem-cell-enriched fat from women’s bodies to plug the dip often left by breast cancer operations.
The procedure appears to restore the softness and suppleness of breast tissues, undoing the damage frequently caused by lumpectomy and radiotherapy. Early signs indicate that it also eases the considerable pain with which patients are often left after treatment.
More than 31,000 women a year in Britain with early-stage breast cancer undergo operations in which just the lump and a healthy margin of tissue
UCLA stem cell researchers from the Eli and Edythe Broad Center for Regenerative Medicine and Stem Cell Research led by Dr. Amander Clark have developed the first biological resource that maps critical stages of human egg and sperm cell development during fetal life.
The resulting map has important implications for future research of infertility, such as for cancer survivors left unable to create eggs or sperm due to chemotherapy or radiation treatment. Another important result of this research is a better understanding of the cellular origins of testicular cancer, which is believed to begin in males during fetal life.
Stem Cell Research Provides Help for Breast Reconstruction
Irene MacKenzie had a lumpectomy for her early stage breast cancer leaving her with a hollow in her breast. The lumpectomy took care of the cancer, but what about her breast? Well, Irene was the first person in Britain to reap the benefits of Stem Cell […]