Tag Archives: Cancer

Patient Gets Stem Cell Trachea Transplant

Surgeons in Sweden have replaced the cancerous windpipe of a Maryland man with one made in a laboratory and seeded with the man’s cells.

The windpipe, or trachea, made from minuscule plastic fibers and covered in stem cells taken from the man’s bone marrow, was implanted in November.

The patient, Christopher Lyles, 30, whose tracheal cancer had progressed to the point where it was considered inoperable, arrived home in Baltimore on Wednesday. It was the second procedure of its kind and the first for an American.

“I’m feeling good,” Lyles said in a telephone interview. “I’m just thankful for a second chance
Read More…

Protecting the future: how plant stem cells guard against genetic damage

Scientists at the John Innes Centre in Norwich, UK, have shown how plants can protect themselves against genetic damage caused by environmental stresses. The growing tips of plant roots and shoots have an in-built mechanism that, if it detects damage to the DNA, causes the cell to ‘commit suicide’ rather than pass on its defective DNA.

Plants have, at the very tips of their roots and shoots, small populations of stem cells, through which they are able to grow and produce new tissue throughout the plant’s life. These stem cells are the precursors to producing plant tissues and
Read More…

New drug combo can destroy root of breast cancer cells

Making a breakthrough in the battle against breast cancer, scientists have used a combination of drugs to target cancer stem cells that cause the disease to spread.

Current treatments kill only the surface cells in a breast tumour, but scientists now say they can destroy the root, the Mirror reported.

They hope that the findings, revealed ahead of World Cancer Day, can be used to help women with advanced and aggressive cancers. Targeting cancer stem cells takes us a step closer to better clinical options for those with the disease, said Dr Rob Clarke, of Manchester University.

The Role of Hiwi in Stem Cell Maintenance and Sarcomagenesis

Sarcomas are cancers of connective tissues, such as bone, adipose and cartilage, and are thought to arise from the aberrant development of the mesenchyme. As such, mesenchymal stem cells are thought to be the cell of origin for sarcomas. Genetic or epigenetic lesions at particular points during the differentiation of a mesenchymal stem cell into its terminal mesenchymal cell type are able to give rise to specific subtypes of sarcomas.

Recently, a number of reports have identified elevated expression of the human Piwi homolog–called Hiwi–in a variety of human cancers, including gastric cancer, pancreatic cancer, gliomas and, most relevant for
Read More…

ITALY – Tumor Institute: safer stem cell transplants

Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale Tumori di Milano

Methods to provide safer stem cell transplants to individuals who are not completely compatible with the donor are being developed. Encouraging results have come from a post-transplant cellular therapy, which strengthens the immune system against viral infections and tumors, developed for the first time at the National Tumor Institute (INT) in Milan. The INT conducted the first phase I-II study in the world, published in ‘Blood’, whose main objective was to assess the use of a low dose radiochemotherapy, followed by low dose post-transplant infusions CD8-depleted donor lymphocytes after
Read More…